Trabajos de Prehistoria, Vol 64, No 2 (2007)

Hilos de continuidad y cambio. Tejiendo unidad en antropología


https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2007.v64.i2.107

Elizabeth M. Brumfiel
Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Estados Unidos

Resumen


En este artículo comparo el proceso de tejido en telares de cintura de tres contextos culturales: los Maya, los antiguos aztecas y la Mesoamérica del siglo XX. Aunque existen evidentes continuidades, también hay importantes diferencias en sus contextos históricos. En el Maya Clásico el tejido marcó la clase social, el género entre los Azteca de México y el origen étnico en la Mesoamérica del siglo XX. El análisis comparativo de estos casos históricos sugiere que la comparación es una herramienta útil tanto para arqueólogos como para los etnógrafos: promueve el reconocimiento de la diversidad de las prácticas y las creencias de las sociedades antiguas; contribuye a definir el alcance del estudio etnográfico contemporáneo; combate el esencialismo cultural y carga a nuestras narrativas de capacidad transformadora; nos permite reconocer el rico patrimonio de los pueblos indígenas y el hecho cultural del cambio. El análisis histórico comparativo proporciona un fundamento sólido para mantener la asociación de la arqueología y la antropología cultural como partes de un todo antropológico mayor.

Palabras clave


Antropología Histórica; Analogía etnográfica; Mesoamérica; Tejido; Trabajo femenino

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