Trabajos de Prehistoria, Vol 67, No 2 (2010)

Objetos metálicos de la Edad del Bronce de Chipre - metal procedente de Anatolia y el Mediterráneo Occidental


https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2010.10046

Zofia A. Stos-Gale
Ifold, Reino Unido

Noel H. Gale
Nuffield College, Reino Unido

Resumen


Cientos de objetos de metal de la Edad del Bronce excavados en yacimientos de Chipre han sido analizados para conocer su composición elemental y sus isótopos de plomo en el Isotrace Laboratory de la Universidad de Oxford entre los años 1982 y 2002. Especialmente con posterioridad a 1995 cientos de muestras de minerales y escorias recogidas de minas y sitios de reducción de minerales localizadas en el entorno de las montañas de Troodos también fueron analizadas. La mayoría de los resultados fueron publicados en varios artículos a lo largo del tiempo, pero la interpretación de algunos análisis de isótopos de plomo necesitan de una revisión a la vista de las nuevas investigaciones realizadas en España, Cerdeña y Sur de Francia. Es sabido que los datos de isótopos de plomo de objetos metálicos de yacimientos chipriotas de la Edad del Bronce muestran que no todo el cobre es consistente con un origen de minerales de Chipre. Además, los objetos de plomo y plata debieron ser importados debido a que no existen minerales de plomo o plata en la isla. La re-evaluación de los datos muestra que alrededor del 11 % de los objetos de metal analizados son consistentes con un origen en los depósitos del Egeo y Turquía, mientras que un 14 % lo son con minerales del Mediterráneo Occidental. Este artículo discute en detalle la interpretación actual de la investigación sobre el metal importado recuperado en contextos de la Edad del Bronce en Chipre.

Palabras clave


Chipre en la Edad del Bronce; Contactos mediterráneos en la Edad del Bronce; Comercio de metal; Estudios de procedencia con isótopos de plomo

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