Trabajos de Prehistoria, Vol 63, No 1 (2006)

El poblamiento de Europa en torno al límite Matuyama/Brunhes: su origen y su significado en la evolución humana


https://doi.org/10.3989/tp.2006.v63.i1.4

Eduardo García Sánchez
Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología. Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia. Madrid , España

Resumen


La revisión del registro inferopaleolítico europeo permite identificar tres episodios de poblamiento. El segundo de los mismos, datado entre OIS25/OIS24-OIS19/OIS18, ofrece industrias líticas y fósiles humanos que indican un posible origen esteasiático. Se ofrece una síntesis sobre este episodio de dispersión, relacionado con el reemplazo de faunas galerienses. Se analizan las posibles vías migratorias que siguió y los motivos que pudieron ocasionar su interrupción. También se plantean las relaciones filogenéticas de estas poblaciones, insertándolas en el marco evolutivo del Pleistoceno inferior y medio.

Palabras clave


Evolución Humana; Dispersiones de homínidos; Primer poblamiento; Europa; Asia; Pleistoceno inferior final; Pleistoceno medio inicial; Paleolítico inferior; Modo 1; Modo 2; Homo antecessor; Homo erectus

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